Home remedies for burns – How do I take care of my skin? Burns is one of the most common household injuries. It happens suddenly – while cooking while ironing or in a moment of inattention, but it leaves scars and is accompanied by unpleasant pain.
Children also quite often have burns due to their age, carelessness, and the like. It is best for the skin to act immediately, to prevent the consequences as much as possible. In case of burns, severe burns need urgent medical attention, but for mild, superficial burns on the skin of adults, home care will suffice.
What is a burn?
The burn is a wound, caused by the action of heat, flame, friction, or sunlight. When you burn, the area should cool down quickly and the skin should be smoothed so that no permanent scars remain.
The most common causes of skin burns are the following:
- Radiation burns: those from overexposure to the sun are the most common
- Heat burns: burns from hot objects, liquids (such as boiling liquids) or fire (including match flames and lighters)
- Friction burns: usually a combination of friction with simultaneous heat burns (contact with a hard surface), such as roads, carpets, gym floors, or ropes
- Electric burns: from electrical sources
- Chemical burns: from home or industrial use
What types of burns are there ?
Burns vary in intensity and are classified according to the damage done to the skin and the tissue beneath it:
First degree burns: also called “superficial burns”. These are the lightest burns and affect only the epidermal (outer) layer of the skin. The skin has no wound but is red (even white on pressure), swollen and sore.
Second-degree burns: also called “deep burns”. In them, the skin damage extends from the outermost layer of the skin to the dermis. Blisters appear on the skin, it is red, moist, and painful.
Third-degree burns: The most severe types of burns are also known as “full-thickness burns”. They damage the tissue and possibly the bone beneath the surface of the skin. They are often brown/black and dry in appearance and because the nerves are often injured, they may not be painful.
Home remedies for burns: What Should I Do If I Burn?
Recommendations for treating burns vary depending on the severity of the burn:
First degree burns: they are usually treated at home, but you should still consult a doctor if the burn covers an area of skin more than 7 cm in diameter and is on the face or wrist.
Second-degree burns: may require topical antibiotics and frequent dressings. It is recommended to consult a doctor, especially if the burn covers a larger area or is on the face.
Third-degree burns: chemical and electrical burns require prompt medical intervention and you should contact the nearest emergency department or consult a doctor depending on the severity of the injury.
16 best home remedies for burns
Coldwater is one of the best home remedies for burns
The most famous, quick, and easy way to treat light burns is of course cold water. For example, in the case of unintentional contact with a hot pot, it is necessary to place the affected area under a stream of cold water.
Wait 5 minutes, then you need to make an ice compressor with the help of a damp cotton cloth, which you will put on the burned area of the skin.
Applying cold water to the burned area is the most important part of first aid. The aim is to cool the endangered place. But in no case do not use ice because it will only make things worse. This procedure is crucial so that the following remedies that you will use can heal burns faster and better.
Potatoes remove heat from the skin
A popular method of treating burns is potatoes. All you need to do is apply grated potato compresses to your skin – this will prevent the possible appearance of blisters.
Place the grated potatoes on the wound and leave it on for about 30 minutes to have a good effect.
Potatoes and also tomatoes have acids that reduce the possibility of blisters on the burned area and also relieve pain.
Olive oil is home remedies for burns
You can also use olive oil to relieve burning pain. The effect of olive oil is even better if you add some more herbs.
Put in olive oil, an herb like St. John’s Wort (Kantarion) and leave it for 20 days.
Store the medicine in a dry and cool place and every time someone burns at home, smear the wound with the medicine prepared in this way.
You can also make healing ointments from beeswax and oil dissolved in hot water, which are mixed until a homogeneous mixture is obtained.
Milk or yogurt for burns
Soak two pieces of clean cloth in cold milk. Take out one cloth and put it on the injured place, leave it on for 15 minutes, then remove that piece and put it back in the milk, and take out the other one that is soaked and put it on the wound.
And remove after 15 minutes. You need to repeat the procedure for an hour.
Milk is considered to be a very effective home remedy for burns. The fat and protein content of milk soothes burns and helps heal them.
Soak a cotton ball in milk and apply it as a coating.
Yogurt is probably the most famous remedy for burns. It is often used by people who burn in the sun, but you can also put it on parts of the skin that you have injured during cooking.
Put a lot of yogurt on the affected skin and the pain will disappear quickly. Leave it on the skin for at least 15 minutes, then rinse.
A few bags of black tea will relieve the pain of burns, at least temporarily. Black tea contains tannic acid, which has the ability to remove heat from the skin as a result of sunburn.
This reduces pain and redness. Soak a few tea bags in boiling water, then place them in the freezer. You can then apply them to the skin.
Another way is to use 3 or 4 tea bags, 2 cups of fresh mint, and 4 cups of boiling water.
Drain the liquid into a bowl and allow to cool. Soak a cotton ball in the liquid and apply it to burns. If you are on the go, you can also make a hot compress of 2 or 3 wet tea bags.
Simply cool the tea bags, wrap them in a piece of gauze and place them on the burn.
Honey and easier treatment of burns
After treating the burns with a jet of cold water, coat it with honey. We use honey because it contains powerful natural ingredients that will help the sore spot on the skin to heal quickly.
Honey acts as a natural antibiotic, which helps prevent inflammation. Honey eliminates bacteria, nourishes the skin, cools, and reduces pain.
The best thing about using honey for these purposes is that honey removes pain very quickly and reduces the possibility of scarring.
Larger amounts of toothpaste applied to burns will prevent the formation of blisters.
If you want to achieve a better result then put gauze over the affected part of the skin, on which you have applied the paste, and leave it for 24 hours.
Onion juice helps with burns
Onions are especially popular among professional chefs, who often experience burns when preparing meals.
They simply squeeze the juice from half an onion and apply it on the burns. For best results, it is recommended to use freshly chopped onion and place it immediately on the sore spot.
The reason to put it immediately is that when it stays in the air for a few minutes, it loses some of its healing properties.
Egg white is also good home remedies for burns
It is probably the most powerful home remedy for burns because it relieves pain, makes the wound heal faster, and at the same time prevents the formation of blisters.
Apply the egg white to the affected area and the pain will pass quickly and will not be there as long as the egg white is moist. Therefore, constantly coat the burns with fresh egg whites.
A French chemist discovered the healing power of lavender oil in the early twentieth century. Lavender oil reduces the possibility of scars and blisters on the burned area.
It also has powerful ingredients for pain relief. When washing and cleaning the burns with cold water, dry the sore spot with a soft cloth, and apply lavender oil directly on it.
You can also use it as follows: soak a clean cloth in oil and put it on the burns. After an hour, remove the cloth and replace it with another, also soaked in oil. Repeat this procedure at least 3-4 times.
Aloe vera is home remedies for burns,and has a positive effect on the whole organism. Also, aloe vera helps in easier healing of burns.
When you clean the affected part of the skin with cold water, apply fresh aloe vera. Aloe vera in particular has excellent results and is recommended for first degree burns.
Always have vanilla extract at home. It is an ideal solution for light skin burns.
Put a few drops on a cotton ball and apply to the affected area. You will feel rapid pain relief.
Vitamins C and E
Although vitamin C is associated with colds, it can soothe sunburned skin. Vitamin C promotes wound healing and collagen production.
On the other hand, vitamin E is an antioxidant that helps to renew and protect your skin.
To improve the condition of the skin, take vitamins as a dietary supplement, and vitamin E can also be applied to your skin.
White vinegar contains acetic acid, a component of aspirin, which can help relieve pain, itching, and inflammation due to burning.
It also has antiseptic effects. Soak a cotton ball in white vinegar and apply it to the affected area as a compress for a few minutes. If the vinegar is very strong, you can dilute it with a little cold water.
With its soothing properties, oatmeal is especially useful for skin burns. Grind a small number of oats and mix them with water or milk.
Put the mixture on the skin and leave it on for about 20 minutes.
Baking soda and water
Make a mixture of equal parts of baking soda and water.
For example, mix 1 tablespoon of baking soda, 1 tablespoon of cold water.
Put all this together in a plastic container and mix. Apply gently on smaller burns and leave on for about 10 minutes.
Rinse the burn with cold water and cover the wound with gauze or bandage.
Burns occur very often when we cook, rush, and similar situations. Both adults and children often get skin burns when playing and being careless.
Burns are divided into three degrees depending on the intensity. First degree burns are milder and can be treated at home.
Second-degree burns may need to be treated with a topical antibiotic. While those of the third degree are much more serious who require hospital treatment.
Like many other health problems, there are many home remedies for burns. Home remedies for first degree burns are especially important, they can help most successfully.
Water, vinegar, egg whites, milk, yogurt, lavender oil, potatoes, and many other foods can help us deal with burns more easily.
One of the most important things in case of burns is the reaction time. The faster we react, the less pain we will have, and the fewer blisters on the burned skin.
The number of natural remedies for burns is large, and how you help yourself depends on what you currently have at home.
Always be careful when cooking, when you are near a stove on, and of course, if you get burned, the speed of reaction on the burnt skin is the most important moment for easier and faster healing of the skin.