Pneumonia Symptoms and how to Prevented? The lungs are organs filled with air. Their main function is to transfer oxygen from the atmosphere to the bloodstream on the one hand and, on the other hand, to transfer carbon dioxide from the bloodstream into the atmosphere.
The most important function is the alveoli. They are obligated to exchange gases. Alveoli are small structures that have a form of bubbles.
As healthy people are filled with air. While in a situation when we have
some inflammation of the lungs then there are pus and fluid in them that disable or slow down the purpose of gas exchange.
When we have inflammation of the lungs it is pneumonia.
A serious disease that must be treated immediately, because it can lead to catastrophic consequences, especially among young people.
According to statistics unfortunately for children under 5 years of age, pneumonia is the leading cause of death.
Causes of pneumonia.
In our body there are defense mechanisms, for example, sneezing, coughing and the immune system,
with which the organism has its own protection and prevents the occurrence of pneumonia.
The infection occurs when the pathological microorganisms overwhelm the defense mechanisms.
It is caused by various microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, etc.
This disease can occur in everyone, with some people being more vulnerable and easier to obtain.
This group includes children and up to 2 years, persons over 65 years of age,
people who have a chronic illness such as asthma, diabetes, cardiovascular problems, etc.
Other vulnerable groups are people with poor immunity, people who work daily with chemicals, dust and the like.
Pathogenic microorganisms can penetrate the lungs in many ways.
Inhalation of infectious aerosols.
They are particles in the size of 3 to 5 microns, which contain microbes.
They are so small that it helps them very easily penetrate deep into the airways and cause infection.
Only one particle can cause inflammation of the lungs.
Transmission of blood infection.
This type of transmission is most common in drug addicts,
in venous catheters, in endocarditis patients, and the like.
Creating an infection from a wound injury in the lungs or surgeon interventions.
Medical interventions and traumatic lung injury can be the cause of pneumonia. What symptoms occur when pneumonia.
Because of the different symptoms and signs, we have two types of clinical syndromes of pneumonia typical and atypical.
The latest research shows that there can not be a sharp border between the two clinical forms of this disease.
When this type of pneumonia symptoms occur suddenly and rapidly.
The most common symptoms are fever, an increase in body temperature, pain when it’s coughing,
fatigue and malaise, and feeling like we miss the air.
When this type of disease occurs, symptoms appear slower, with the following symptoms,
cough, headache, fever, fatigue, inflammation of the throat, muscle pain and nausea and vomiting.
To make a correct and accurate diagnosis, the following trials are performed.
RTG of the lungs.
By making RTG of the lungs, confirmation of the presence of infection of the lungs and find out the position of
the inflammatory process that is very important for the easier handling of the infection.
In therapy, with this diagnostic procedure, it can be seen how patients respond to the therapy itself.
It takes a secretion from the lower airways with strong expectoration,
then it is sent to a microbiological examination in order to detect the cause of the disease.
Unfortunately, this case is often contaminated by pathogenic bacteria located in the upper airway,
which reduces the exact diagnosis.
With a phibaroscope, you can directly see the airways and get
a secret from the lower airways in those who are sicker.
We have numbered several methods, although there are still methods for diagnosis
How to treat and prevent.
Each therapy we should begin immediately because pneumonia is a very serious illness.
When the cause of the disease and the infection is immediately found, specific therapy is given immediately.
In case of intense coughing and sore throat can be treated at home with some of the natural ways of getting rid of it.
We need and more fluid intake and rest for quicker to overcome and cure the infection.
When it comes to home conditions, honey can be used, several types of teas and hot drinks,
soup and In the following cases you should immediately seek a medical examination:
a temperature higher than 38 degrees,
difficulty breathing and swallowing,
when the cough lasts for more than a week and no improvement.
In today’s text, we found out some tips for pneumonia, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment. Whenever you have these symptoms, you should immediately react accordingly, because pneumonia is a very serious infection that can be dangerous to our health.