Why does acne occur in adults and the causes of it? Acne skin is not just for teenagers. Very often men and women in their 30s and 40s have acne problems.
In most people, the appearance of acne is caused by changes in hormone levels in our body.
These hormones produce oils that can get stuck in the pores, which often cause bacteria to grow.
Men whose fathers have acne are at greater risk of developing acne.
Acne can also be caused by taking certain medications, which are used to treat bipolar disorder and corticosteroids.
The most common causes of acne in adults
Acne mainly affects men and women in the face and back.
Sweating at high temperatures or while exercising and exercising can make the situation worse.
The pimples on the back are harder to control than those on the front, but the good news is that only a few people can see them.
The best prevention to prevent causes to acne in adults is to read the following tips
Nourish your skin so you don’t have acne
It is recommended to always clean the skin with facial cleansers.
It is recommended that you wash your face at least twice a day.
When cleaning your face and skin, use only clean towels.
Be careful when shaving to avoid acne
Use a new razor every time you shave to reduce your chances of getting acne.
All men who have a problem with shaving can use a shaving machine.
When using a shaving machine, it is not recommended to use it too close to the skin.
Persistent acne that does not go away
If your acne, despite good treatment and the use of basic rules of prevention does not disappear, then another solution is needed.
In such situations, it is best to consult a dermatologist to prescribe appropriate medication, and perhaps even antibiotics.
7 causes in adults you should avoid, to not have acne
Too dry skin causes acne
It is often thought that acne is most often created if the skin is dirty, but there are other reasons.
One of the main factors in the development of acne is the excessive production of fat that closes the pores and the site becomes infected.
Due to the presence of fat, the face is often washed with means that further dry it.
But drying out the skin can cause even more oil production or acne.
So choose products that are gentle, do not contain alcohol and of course, apply a light moisturizing cream for skin and face care.
You go to bed without cleansing your skin
Fatigue is not an excuse not to pay attention to cleansing the skin before going to bed.
During the day your skin produces fat and all the dirt from the outside accumulates on the surface of the skin.
If left on the skin for a long time, bacteria can cause acne.
Therefore, always clean the make-up from the face with a cleanser, and then remove the rest of the dirt with the tonic.
Exfoliating the skin for less acne
Skin exfoliation is necessary to remove dead surface cells.
If this dry skin is not cleansed, it remains on the surface and closes the pores.
Gentle peeling will very successfully help you to have perfectly clean skin.
Too much dairy products can cause acne
Dairy products are often an inevitable part of our diet.
Too much consumption contributes to having more acne on your face more often.
Although the link between dairy products and acne has not been fully established, try to reduce their consumption.
Take a test and try to eliminate them from your diet for a few weeks and see if there is a difference in your appearance.
Use the wrong products
Many products that nurture teenage acne are strong and effective but can be harsh and have a bad effect on older skin.
Men and women should avoid using acne products for teens.
Dehydrated skin produces more skincare, in turn, causes acne.
Choose the right skincare for adults, products that contain antioxidants, which are needed by adults.
For example, use products that contain salicylic acid and cleanse the skin of bacteria and protect it from acne.
Do not squeeze acne
Your body has its own mechanism to fight infections, so no matter how challenging, don’t touch your acne!
If you squeeze the acne yourself, you will continue the healing process by allowing the bacteria to penetrate deeper into the skin.
You also increase the risk and possibility of creating unwanted acne scars in their place.
Clean bedding means less acne
Bacteria and grease from the external environment, dirt from hair, skin, and sweat, all this accumulates on your pillow.
It is best to use covers made of natural materials and try to change them often, ie every other night.
Acne is often an inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands of the skin that is characterized by comedones (bruises that can be open – black and closed – white), pimples, and in severe cases nodules and cysts.
The change, are more common on the face, back, and shoulders, and chest.
Although most teens experience these changes, the disease is not limited by age.
Acne is not a life-threatening disease, but it can be unpleasant and troublesome, and in some cases can lead to permanent skin scars.
Occurrence, causes and risk factors for acne
Acne mainly affects the pores of our skin.
The hole is actually the opening of the follicular canal, the follicle on the other hand contains hair and a sebaceous gland.
Under normal circumstances, the sebaceous glands lubricate the skin and help remove dead cells from its surface.
When the glands start to build up too much fa,t, it blocks the pores and accumulates dirt, debris, and bacteria.
This condition is also called comedones.
The top of the comedones can be white or black (popularly known as black spots).
If ruptured, the accumulated material may spread around the growth and cause an inflammatory reaction.
If the inflammation is deeper in the skin, the pimples will become larger and form a solid painful cyst.
Acne can be caused by many factors
– hormonal changes related to the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, stress, etc.
– various fatty cosmetic products
– Certain medications affect acne (such as steroids, testosterone, estrogen, etc.)
– in cases when we have situations of more humidity or frequent sweating
Although acne is most common in teens, it can occur at any age, including adults.
Familial hereditary predisposition to acne is common.
Although it is widely believed that certain foods cause acne, this has not been confirmed.
Symptoms and place, of acne
Acne mainly affects the face, back, and shoulders.
In fact, in these places, the skin has the highest concentration of sebaceous glands.
Acne can occur in the following forms:
– comedones (closed – white or open – black so-called black spots), we have described their appearance in the text above.
– Papules – these are small ball rises above the level of the skin that signal that inflammation is occurring in the hair follicle.
They can be red and sensitive, ie when we red-sensitive feel pain.
– pustules – these are red-sensitive bumps above the level of the skin with white pus on top.
– nodules – these are large, firm, painful nodules under the surface of the skin.
They are created by accumulating secretions deeper into the hair follicle.
– cysts – these are painful nodules filled with pus, located under the surface of the skin.
Cysts can cause scarring.
When to see a doctor
Acne is usually not a serious illness, but treatment by pimples or inflamed cysts by a dermatologist is needed to avoid scarring or other skin damage.
If they affect self-esteem or social contacts, it is also advisable to call a doctor.
Diagnosing acne in adults
Your doctor can easily and quickly diagnose acne based on the changes that have occurred in your skin.
When it comes to diagnosing acne, no additional tests are usually needed.
What can you do to reduce the effects of acne?
– Wash your skin regularly and gently with a mild soap that does not dry the skin.
– Remove all dirt from makeup, because as we said it is an important factor.
– Wash once, or, twice a day, including after exercise, but still avoid washing your skin excessively.
– If you have oily hair, wash your hair with shampoo, daily, comb it back to keep it away from your face and, avoid tight hair clips.
– Do not squeeze, scratch, or rub pimples, as this can lead to scarring or the development of various unwanted skin inflammations.
– Avoid touching your face with your hands, it still irritates the skin.
– Avoid or reduce the use of greasy creams or other similar cosmetics.
– Practice always removing makeup before going to bed.
All of these steps and tips will help you reduce the appearance of acne.
If they do not help you control your acne, try healing creams and lotions that are applied directly to the skin.
They usually contain various active ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, sulfur, resorcinol, salicylic acid, and others.
The basis of their action is the initial destruction of bacteria and the faster drying of fats.
In the end, of course, you should ask your dermatologist for an opinion.
The medications that your doctor may prescribe for successful acne reduction
-oral antibiotics (eg tetracycline group)
-local topical antibiotics, or more precisely, drugs that are applied directly to the skin itself.
– There are also creams or contain retinoic acid
-drugs containing benzoyl peroxide, sulfur, resorcinol, salicylic acid
Your doctor may also recommend chemical peels, dermabrasion scars, cyst removal or drainage, various laser treatments, and more.
Exposure to sunlight helps in healing acne, but be moderate in sun exposure.
Do not overdo it with sun exposure, as this increases the risk of skin cancer.
How long does acne last?
Acne usually resolves after adolescence, but it can last longer, as in adults.
The condition generally responds well to several weeks of therapy but may recur from time to time.
Scars occur less frequently, in situations where severe acne remains untreated.
Also, if acne is not treated, emotional difficulties can occur, especially in teens.
Complications of acne in adults
Possible complications caused by acne are:
– changes in skin color
– possible cyst formation
– emotional disorders such as decreased self-esteem, problems in social life, changes in character
– permanent scars as a result of acne
– side effects caused by the use and treatment of acne with the drugs used in therapy.
Prevention of acne in adults
After the acne subsides, it may be necessary to continue therapy to prevent a recurrence.
Consult your doctor about the prevention of future occurrences and timely prevention of acne.
Although many of us have acne, avoid squeezing!
By squeezing out acne, we have a negative effect on the natural healing process of the skin.
So do not touch the acne so that it can disappear faster, and your skin will be beautiful again, clean without acne on the face.